Garlic

 

 

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Sowing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Harvest

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

There are two basic types of garlic, Hardneck and Softneck. The easiest way to distinguish between them is that if the stem at the top of the bulb is soft and papery, it is a softneck. Much of the commercially grown garlic is of the softneck type. This means that it does not produce a flowering stalk.

Softnecks tend to have, more but smaller cloves and longer shelf lives than the hardnecks.

Hardneck varieties produce a hard floral spike (stick garlic). You can encourage a larger bulb by cutting the flowering head when it emerges. Hardnecks, have an exceptional flavour, and are said to have a truer garlic taste, the cloves are also relatively easy to peel.

Plant from late October to November 3-4 inches deep. unless otherwise stated, in light free draining soil in a sunny position. Space 10 to 15 cm (4 - 6") apart with rows 23cm (9") apart.

Garlic bulbs can be Pink, Purple and White, with various strengths and flavour.

Initially you should start off with certified disease free bulbs, after that you can grow Garlic from your own stock, as they adapt to conditions over time.

Plant  Garlic upright using the larger outer cloves from your bulbs, discarding any weaklings.

Harvest when the leaves go yellow, then dry in a ventilated shed.

EARLY WIGHT
Produced on the Isle of Wight, ideal for British conditions. The earliest British variety, strong purple colouring. Very welcome as the first fresh garlic of the year, will keep for three months but best used fresh. Autumn planting. Hardneck.

PURPLE WIGHT
Produced on the Isle of Wight, ideal for British conditions. Matures between Early Wight and Solent Wight. Large white bulbs with some purple flecking. Autumn planting. Hardneck.

SOLENT WIGHT
Produced on the Isle of Wight, ideal for British conditions. Latest maturing. Very long keeper. Softneck type. Suitable for autumn or spring planting.

MEDITERRANEAN
Autumn planting. Harvest the large bulbs June-July. Good yields and fine flavour Softneck.

ALBIGENSIAN WIGHT
Autumn planting. A new larger (600mm+), white softneck type with purple tint from South West France. Can be planted up to January, although recommended planting before December for June harvest, should store until February-March. Softneck.

ELEPHANT
Huge bulbs with milder flavour. Plant as standard garlic but increase spacing to 30cm (12) apart. Plants can grow to approximately 120-150cm (4-5) tall and you should remove the purple flowerhead as this will encourage larger bulbs. Autumn planting recommended, although Elephant garlic may be planted up until February, although the likelihood of producing a solid bulb (instead of a bulb with cloves) is increased. This solid bulb can be replanted in the autumn to produce a bulb with cloves the following summer. Hardneck.