Rasperries

Like most fruit, raspberries like an open position with plenty of air circulating among them, but will tolerate a little partial shade. The soil should be fertile and moisture retentive, but it should not be water logged. Permanent supports in the form of posts and wires should be erected. The wires should be 75cm/30in, 1.1 M/3ft 6in and 1.5/5ft from the ground. Allow 1.5M/5ft between rows. Plant the canes at intervals of 38-45cm/15-18in, spreading out their roots, during late autumn or early winter. remove any suckers that appear out of the row and use them as new stock if required. mulch with garden compost or manure every spring.

Pruning & Training
Each autumn remove all the old fruiting canes by cutting them off at the base. Tie in the new canes to the wires. In late winter cut off the tip of each cane to a bud about 15cm/6in above the the top wire. If you grow autumn-fruiting varieties, cut all canes to the ground in late winter.

Harvesting
Pick as the fruit becomes ripe, squeezing gently with the fingers so that the fruit slides off its 'plug'.

Pests & Diseases
Birds are a nuisance unless the raspberry canes are netted or protected in a fruit cage. Raspberry beetle - the grub is found in the fruit - is often a nuisance. Spray with "Bug Clear"  as soon as the first fruits begin to ripen and then make a second application two weeks later. Grey mould can cause the fruit to rot and there is also the possibility of some virus diseases. Infected canes should be removed and either burned or destroyed.